Modernization of power usage and design is demanding for new control and operation strategies of the smart grid. The changes in load control system coupled with the variable and stochastic nature of renewable energy integrated in the smart grid offers a new set of challenges in balancing generation and consumption. The deployment of energy storage system throughout the grid from generation to end-user present an opportunity to transcend the power balance paradigm by storing energy during off-peak and redispatched when needed.
The growing market for lithium-ion batteries raises concerns about sustainable management of those batteries at end of life. Launching relevant policies requires a comprehensive understanding of potential economic values as well as environmental performance of end-of-life lithium-ion batteries. However, both recyclers and policymakers are facing a number of unanswered questions, including 1) how battery technology trajectory would affect the incentives for recycling? 2) what strategies are available to improve material recovery efficiency?
The Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR) seeks transformational change in transportation and the electricity grid driven by next generation high performance, low cost electricity storage. To pursue this transformative vision JCESR introduces a new paradigm for battery research: integrating discovery science, battery design, research prototyping and manufacturing collaboration in a single highly interactive organization. This new paradigm will accelerate the pace of discovery and innovation and reduce the time from conceptualization to commercialization.